The COVID-19 pandemic and measures to counteract its spread have created or exacerbated supply constraints in many African countries. Import and export restrictions and curfews in particular contributed to a rapid worsening of food shortages. In many regions there is a lack of transport for farmers' harvest to the markets in the country's urban centres. With the few transports that exist and missing cooling options, a large part of the goods is lost, spoiled or damaged. A lot of the farmers' output is therefore never sold or used. So while food is becoming scarce in the cities, the farmers in rural areas struggle to transport and sell their harvest.